Dental erosion. Causes. Symptoms. Prevention. Treatment

  • Useful Info   •   January 2nd, 2020

Dental erosion refers to the progressive chemical wear of the hard dental tissues (dentin, enamel) under the influence of the acids from the oral cavity. It’s a noncarious disease and is not caused by bacterial plaque.

What are the causes of dental erosion?

  • Dental enamel, despite its hardness, can be demineralized, respectively eroded over time due to frequent intake of sugary foods and acidic drinks, like: fruit juices, carbonated juices, lemonade, wine, beer.

  • Gastrointestinal or nervous disorders that manifeste through frequent acid regurgitations such as gastrointestinal reflex, anorexia, bulimia, ulcer, diabetes, alcoholism increase the risk of dental erosion because the extremely acidic gastric juice from the stomach comes in contact with the teeth.

  • Long-term use of certain drugs such as vitamin C, aspirin or antihistamines, or certain genetic disorders that lead to decreased saliva that should neutralize acid pH are also key determinants of dental erosion.

  • Dental erosion can also be influenced by the composition and structure of teeth, the anatomy and the relationship of occlusion of teeth as well as the anatomy and mobility of soft tissues.

Symptoms

  • Discomfort when consuming certain cold, hot or sweet foods as a result of losing enamel and thus discovering dentine.

  • Teeth bleaching as a result of tooth enamel wear and slightly yellowish dentin exposure, especially for central incisors.

  • Changes in the shape of teeth, rough and irregular edges, enlargement of the spaces between teeth, the appearance of vertical grooves on the surface of teeth.

Prevention

  • The frequency of consumption of acidic and sugary foods should be reduced
  • Fluoride in the form of toothpaste, mouth water or gel helps remineralize and protect the enamel.
  • The sugar-free chewing gum consumed between meals helps increase the amount of saliva that helps balance the mouth’s pH.

Treatment

Through periodic checkups, dental erosion can be prevented or stopped, the treatment methods vary depending on the stage in which dental erosion is identified, from photopolymerizable fillings, to dental veneers or if the situation requires dental crowns.

Whether you need a specialist consultation or you are experiencing a medical emergency, at Diana Smile we make sure you get a correct diagnosis and a personalized and efficient treatment so that you do not miss a smile! 

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