Bruxism: Causes and Treatment

  • Useful Info   •   July 8, 2019

Bruxism, considered the disease of modern life, is a condition characterized by the grinding, rubbing or clenching of the teeth. Often this action occurs during sleep (nocturnal bruxism) but can occur unconsciously during the day (daytime bruxism).

What are the causes of bruxism?

The causes of bruxism are usually associated with a number of genetic, physical or psychological factors such as:

  • incorrect alignment of the teeth
  • disproportionate development of maxillary bones
  • changing temporary teeth to permanent teeth
  • a high level of stress or anxiety
  • insufficient rest time
  • hyperactive personality
  • sleeping disorders
  • hereditary factors

What are the effects of bruxism?

Bruxism, once diagnosed, should be treated, because in time, especially in its severe form, it can lead to the following conditions:

  • teeth, enamel and dental crowns deterioration
  • dental sensitivity and severe tooth pain
  • disorders of temporal-mandibular joint
  • gingival retraction
  • facial pain
  • headaches

How is bruxism treated?

For children, bruxism may disappear as they grow, without the need of any treatment. For adults, if the diagnosis involves moderate or severe bruxism, first the cause should be investigated and then, according to the cause, appropriate treatment should be recommended, which may include:

  • the use of a mouth guard, the purpose of this plastic device being to separate teeth and thus prevent their injury through grinding or clenching
  • correction of dental occlusion
  • remodeling of damaged teeth
  • control of stress level and anxiety
  • treating sleep disorders or other health problems associated with diagnosed bruxism
  • avoid drinks containing caffeine or alcohol, especially in the evening

  • avoid chewing gum, as this leads to tighten the muscles of the jaw

In order to prevent but also to detect and treat bruxism, dental checks on periodic basis are absolutely necessary.